A reformatory, also sometimes named a reform school, is a correctional institution for minor and first offenders.
Juvenile convicts are put in reformatories instead of normal prisons for two reasons: first, to protect them from contact with (and possible abuse from) adult convicts; second, to undergo a special training in such institutions that is designed to reform (hence the name) the young convicts by means of strict discipline, schooling, and labor.
Reformatories in the UKEdit
In the United Kingdom, reformatory CP was usually given with a birch or a cane (see also reformatory cane). Special items of furniture were used to administer CP in reformatories, such as a birching block or a birching pony.
A well-known example of a British type of reformatory is the borstal.
Britain had also reformatory ships.
Reformatories in the USAEdit
See Minnesota State Training School for one example.
Reformatories in spanking artEdit
There are a few works of spanking literature that narrate stories of reformatories.
- State Reform School for Girls - example of such an institution in Ohio, founded in 1869
- Lyman School for Boys on Wikipedia - a detailed article on the first reform school in the United States, in service 1886-1971