Difference between revisions of "Masturbation"

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The biblical story of Onan led to a belief among Christians that masturbation was a [[sin]]ful thing. (Although the story most likely talks of coitus interruptus and not of masturbation.) Masturbation was also called '''onanism''' in reference to that story.
In 1758, the Swiss doctor [[Samuel Auguste Tissot]] claimed that masturbation was "more dreadful than smallpox" because it depleted the body of sperm "which provided vital energies". In the following decades, more and more physicians and scholars joined the view that masturbation was a highly dangerous practice, leading to all kinds of illnesses and possibly death or a permanent place in a lunatic asylum. ThisLeading ledauthorities tolike a[[Richard societyvon that called masturbation "'''selfKrafft-abuse'''" and tried to prevent their [[childEbing]]ren frombacked masturbatingthe bybelief, allstated means.that Thismasturbation included,leads naturally,to strictinsanity instructionand toadvised neverdrastic touchmethods themselvesto insuppress theit. "unmentionable"His places andpredecessor [[punishmentHeinrich Kaan]] ifhad theyalready wereconsidered caughtmasturbation doingto sobe (oftenat includingthe nocturnal emissions (wet dreams) that were thoughtroot of belongingall thesexual same category, although they happen involuntarily and in the ''absence'' of regular ejaculation)disorders.
== The crusade against masturbation ==
All this led to societies in the western world that called masturbation "'''self-abuse'''" and tried to prevent their [[child]]ren from masturbating by all means. This included, naturally, strict instruction to never touch themselves in the "unmentionable" places and [[punishment]] if they were caught doing so (often including nocturnal emissions (wet dreams) that were thought of belonging the same category, although they happen involuntarily and in the ''absence'' of regular ejaculation).
There was also the thought that prevention was better than punishment. For this purpose, various anti-masturbation devices were invented that either involved the cause of [[pain]] in case of a penis erection (spiked rings etc.), or were similar in design to [[chastity belt]]s, preventing the touching of the genitals.
Scratching the genitals (when they were itching) was thought to be an entrance gate to habitual masturbation. This was one of the reason why parents now began to give their children regular [[bath]]s. Many doctors also thought that removing the foreskin made masturbation much more difficult. This method became popular in the [[United States]], where 75% of men are circumcised to the present day. Anti-masturbation crusader [[John Harvey Kellogg]] even adviced that the circumcision, to be a most effective cure against masturbation, should be performed with no anesthesia:
{{quotation|The operation should be performed by a surgeon without administering an anesthetic, as the brief pain attending the operation will have a salutary effect upon the mind, especially if it be connected with the idea of punishment, as it may well be in some cases. The soreness which continues for several weeks interrupts the practice, and if it had not previously become too firmly fixed, it may be forgotten and not resumed.|John Harvey Kellogg}}